Information and Communication Technology (ICT) As an Information Tool


Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has transformed the traditional usage of data and information processing to
digital computerization.The advent of computer and telecommunication
technology has brought about changes in organization structure.
Information transmission is the
transfer of information from one source to a destination through voice and
sound images ie microphone, camera, loudspeaker, telephone to cellular phone, MP3
players and many more. The gadgets or devices used in ICT are too numerous
and inexhaustible. Some of them are discussed below.

Radio: This is an effective way of
transmitting audio or voice information.  Information broadcast on radio
reach out to thousands of audience at the same time in a different geographical
Television: this is an
effective method of transmitting information.  It combines the quality of
audio together with visual.  It is therefore an audio-visual method of
information transmission.
Computer: It is an
electronic data processing machine used for transmission of textual and
graphical information.   
Satellite: This is an
information transmission method through cables or wireless by the use of a
satellite dishes 
VSAT: This is advance
telecom equipment for receiving digital broadcast VSAT for very small aperture
Fax machine: It is an age-long
method of transmitting textual and graphical message.  It consists of the
features of photocopying with effective information transmission.
Telephone: Telephone is a telecommunication
equipment or device used in transmitting sound across a distance 
Global system of Mobile Communication.  It is an ICT telecommunication
device.  It is the most popular mobile phone as the world today.  GSM
allows network operators to offer “roaming” services.  The word roaming is
the ability of the customer to use their phone wherever they are at anytime
(this has to do with the availability of Network) with GSM when you have a
mobile phone with a line you can be connected to the whole world.  You can
roam to another region or country and use the services of any Network operator
in that region that has roaming agreement with your GSM network operator. 
Messages can be sent to another subscriber on the service, and an
acknowledgement of receipt provided to the sender SMS can be used in a cell
broadcast mode for sending messages.  Message can be stored in the SIM
card for later retrieval.

GSM operators in Nigeria include”

Globalcom (glo) 

GSM  combines the feature of super voice quality and data
transmission.  The advent of GSM technology has indeed turn the world into
a global village .

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Automated Teller Machine
This is a type of retail banking Technology that has the capability to make
enquiry on customer balances, interest and exchange rate, money transfer,
withdrawal, deposit and account transfer.
One area where the application of information Technology has brought automation
to large number of people is in the banking sector.  Automated teller
Machine is now located outside in almost all major banks. This Technology
advancement has also caught up with Nigerians.  It is found in almost all
Nigerian banks.  ATM are also found in the remote locations such as
supermarkets, airports, and university campus.  ATM machines are operated
through the use of ATM card.  This is referred to as electronic

  Advantages of Electronic 
Banking   (E-Banking )

  1. It brings about faster services 
  2. It increases trust and confidence in banking system 
  3. It reduced the problem of uncleared cheque
  4. It  enhances the available of funds at a faster rate
  5. It makes the job of bankers less cumbersome 


 Disadvantages  Electronic 
Banking   (E-Banking )

Virus attack 
Cost involves in setting up electronic banking is high

In conclusion, Information Technology (IT) is the
application of computers and Telecommunication equipment for automatic
processing of information.  Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
is the combination of computers, communication equipments  (ie Telephone ,
Video etc) and other Technologies associated with automation.

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  1. Those who are disgracefully presented to it by their educator and the individuals who did not give themselves enough time to acclimate themselves with it.

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