The main focus of this article is on health and safety issues, related to pain and
disorders caused by the work a person does , whether this occurs in neck shoulders
and arms (upper limbs), back, or hips knees and ankles and feet (lower limbs).
are lost to work –related MSDs.
Upper limb disorders
disorder. ULD is used as an umbrella term for a range of disorders of the hand,
wrist, arm, shoulder and neck. It cover those conditions, with specific medical
diagnoses (e.g.) frozen shoulder, carpal tunnel syndrome), a other conditions
(often called RSI) where there is pain without specific symptoms. Symptoms may include pain, swelling and difficulty moving. ULD cases caused by work can also mean production losses and compensation for employers.
Lower limb disorders
osteoarthritis of the knee and hip), and other conditions where there is pain
without specific symptoms. Symptoms may include pain, swelling and difficulty
moving. About 20% of all work-related musculoskeletal disorders affect the lower limbs. In 2009/10 an estimated 94,000 people in great Britain who had worked in the last 12 months
suffered from an LLD caused or made worse by their . It is estimated that these
workers took an average of 25 days off work.
osteoarthritis and 30% of surgically treated hip osteoarthritis were related to occupational factors.