Ultimately we dwell in an era where vast amounts of information can be accessed on the Internet. Much of this information is quantitative in nature and students (and adults) must be equipped to analyze the information as they sift through the data to make decisions in their everyday lives. And, as “big data” analyses move from pure research applications to business, education, health, and government settings where our graduates will be working, this imperative becomes more critical.
What Is Quantitative Reasoning?
#Quantitative reasoning
The Lumina Foundation’s Degree Qualifications Profile (DQP) calls this skill quantitative fluency and places it, like LEAP, among several important intellectual skills all students should attain, including analytic inquiry, information literacy, engaging diverse perspectives, and communication fluency.
The Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) Senior College and University Commission has recently shifted its focus to five core competencies—writing, oral communication, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and information literacy—in its revised institutional review process.
The ability to think quantitatively clearly plays a central role in undergraduate education.
With that been said, Quantitative reasoning (QR) is the application of basic mathematics skills, such as algebra, to the analysis and interpretation of realworld quantitative information in the context of a discipline or an interdisciplinary problem to draw conclusions that are relevant to students in their daily lives. It is not just mathematics.
70. There are
450 birds at a small zoo. The number of birds is 5 times the number of all the other animals combined. How many more birds are there than nonbird animals at the zoo? 
A. 400

B.360

C.270

D.180

E. 90

71. After
allowing discount of 11.11%, a trader still makes a gain of 14.28%. At how many percent above the cost price does he mark on his goods? 
A. 28.56%

B. 35%

C. 22.22%

D. None
of these 
72. A dealer
buys dry fruits at $100, $80 and $60 per kilogram. He mixes them in the ratio 3:4:5 by weight and sells at a profit of 50%. At what price per kilogram does he sell the dry fruit 
A. $80

B. $100

C. $95

D. None of these

73. Instead of
a meter scale, a cloth merchant uses a 120 cm sale while buying, but uses an 80cm scale while selling the same cloth. If he offers a discount of 20% on cash payment, what is his overall profit percentage? 
A. 20%

B. 25%

C. 40%

D. 15%

74. I sold two
watches for $300 each, one at the loss of 10% and the other at the profit of 10%. What is the percentage of loss () or profit (+) that resulted from the transaction? 
A. (+)10

B. ()1

C. (+)1

D. (10)

75. In a
certain store the profit is 320% of the cost. If the cost increases by 25% but the selling price remains constant approximately what percentage of the selling price is the profit? 
A. 30%

B. 70%

C. 100%

D. 250%

76. A
shopkeeper sells two radio at $540 each. On one he gains 12% and on the other he losses 12% . What was the net result of the sale of both radios? 
A. No loss no Profit

B. Gain of $165

C. Loss of $45

D. Gain of $45

77. Boy selling
12marbles for a dollar, a shop keeper loses 20%. In order to gain 20% in the transaction, he should sell the marble at the rate of how many marbles for a dollar. 
A. 8

B. 6

C. 4

D. 3

78. At what
percentage above the cost price must an article be marked so as to gain 33% after allowing a customer a discount of 5%? A. 48% 
B. 43%

C. 40%

D. 38%

79. What price
should a shopkeeper mark on an article costing $153 to gain 20% after allowing a discount of 15% 
A. $162

B. $184

C. $216

D. $224

80. Successive
discount of 10%, 12%, and 15% amount to a single discount of 
A. 35.38%

B. 36.68%

C. 37%

D. 32.68%

81. A horse and
a carriage together cost $8,000. If by selling the horse at a profit of 10% and the carriage at a loss of 10% a total profit of 2.5% is made, then what is the cost price of the horse? 
A. $ 3,000

B. $ 3,500

C. $4,000

D. $ 5,000

82. A
shopkeeper allows a discount of 10% on his goods. For cash payment, he further allow a discount of 20%. Find a single discount equivalent of the above offer. 
A. 30%

B. 18%

C. 28%

D. 15%

83. A loss of
19% gets converted into a profit of 17% when the selling price is increased by $162. Find the cost price of the article. 
A. $450

B. $600

C. $360

D. $540

84. A machine
is sold at a profit of 10%. Had it been sold for $80 less, there would have been a loss of 10%. The cost price of the machine is 
A. $350

B. $400

C. $450

D. $520

85. A man gains
10% by selling a certain article for a certain orice. If he sells it at double the price then the profit made is 
A. 120%

B. 60%

C. 100%

D. 80%

86. The sale
price of an article including the sales tax is $616. The rate of sales tax is 10%. If the shopkeeper has made a profit of 12%, theb the cost price of the article is 
A. $500

B. $515

C. $550

D. $600

87. A tailor
had a number of shirt pieces to cut from a roll of fabric. He cut each roll of equal length in 10 pieces. He cut at the rate of 5 cuts a minute. How many rolls would he cut in 24 minutes? 
A. 32rolls

B. 54rolls

C. 108rolls

D. 120rolls

88. 30 men can
produce 1,500 units in 24 days working 6 hours a day. In how many days, can 18 men produce 1,800 units working 8 hours a day? 
A. 36 days

B. 45 days

C. 18 days

D. None of these

89. A man
completes th of a 
At this
rate, how many more days will it take him to finish the job? 
A.
5 
B.
6 
C.
7 
D.
7 ½ 
90. A certain
industrial loom weaves 0.128 metres of cloth every seconds. Approximately, how many seconds will it take for the loom to weave 25 metres of cloth? 
A. 178

B. 195

C. 204

D. 488

91. Four
examiners can examine a certain number of answer book in 8 days by working 5 hours a day, then for how many hours a day, would two examiners have to work in order to examine twice the number of answer books in 20 days? 
A. 6hours

B. 7 ½ hours

C. 8 hours

D. 9 hours

92. 15 men take
21 days of 8 hours each to do a piece of work. How many days of 6 hours each would 21 women take, if 3 women do as much as 2 men? 
A. 20

B. 18

C. 25

D. 30

93. A certain
job was assigned to a group of men to do in 20 days. But 12 men did not turn up for the job and the remaining men did the job in 32 days. The original number of men in the group was? 
A. 32

B. 34

C. 36

D. 40

94. A man is
paid $5 per hour for regular working day and $8 per hour overtime. A regular day has 8 hours and a regular week has 5 working days. If he earns $920 in 4 weeks, then what is the total number of hours that he worked assuming that he was present on all regular working days? 
A. 200hours

B. 180hours

C. 175hours

D. 160hours

95. Ram
finishes a work in 7 days. Rahim finishes the same job in 8 days and Robert in 6 days. They take turns to finish the work. Ram worked on the first day, Rahim on the second day and Robert on the third and then again Ram and so on. Who was working on the last day when work got finished? 
A. Ram

B. Rahim

C. Robert

D. Rahim and Robert

96. Rita and
Solomon are working on an assignment. Rita takes 6 hours to type 32 pages on computer, while Solomon takes 5 hours for typing 40 pages. How much time will they take, working together on two different computers to type an assignment of 110 pages? 
A. 8hours

B. 7hours 30minutes

C. 8hours 15minutes

D. 8hours 25minutes

97. A boy read
th of th of 
A. 600

B. 300

C. 240

D. None of these

98. Three
workers, working all days, can do a work in 10 days, but one of them having other employment can work only half time. In how many days the work can be finished? 
A. 15days

B. 16days

C. 12days

D. 12.5days

99. Ada, Joel
and Eze can do a job alone in 15 days, 10 days and 30 days respectively. Sam is helped by Bob and Kin in every third day. In how many days will the job be completed? 
A. 9days

B. 5days

C. 8days

D. 4days

100. When some
technological improvements had been made, it took an hour less than before to manufacture a certain tool. The same time is now needed to manufacture 30 tools as was needed earlier to manufacture 24 tools. How much time does it require now to make one tool? 
A. 5hours

B. 4hours

C. 3hours

D. 3.5hours


ANSWER KEY


1.
B 
2.
A 
3.
D 
4.
A 
5.
B 
6.
B 
7.
C 
8.
A 
9.
C 
10.
C 
11.
D 
12.
D 
13.
C 
14.
A 
15.
B 
16.
A 
17.
A 
18.
D 
19.
A 
20.
B 
21.
B 
22.
C 
23.
D 
24.
A 
25.
C 
26.
A 
27.
C 
28.
C 
29.
C 
30.
A 
31.
B 
