Since the inception of humanity, so many people came up with different ideas, beliefs, experiments, philosophies and surveys to unravel so many unearthed mysteries about humanity.
Today, the world lives in the eve of scientific advancement in different sectors such as engineering, medical science and technology because of a few individual who put in their genius minds with keen interest on every phenomenon right from when they were kids. Their passion, zeal, hard work, dedication and the energy they put in their research helped in discovering the new things about the world we now live in. The picture of the present world that we see would not have transformed without the contribution of these great personalities. Great philosophers and masterminds that existed in the ancient Greek era have shown inexplicable abilities that helped us define our existence and human life.
Here is a list of men and women, who made a real difference in our modern way of living and understanding our world. The positioning of the names is not that significant, since each one of the scientists made great contributions to various science fields, thus, to compare is difficult.
1. Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727)
Recognized to be one of the greatest and most outstanding scientists of all time due to his formulation of the law of the laws of motion and universal gravitation. An English man and polymath, a physicist and mathematician. Sir Isaac Newton according to his Principia Mathematica, that was published in the year 1687, was able to to give a good explanation of the law of gravity and that of motion. He made his research in optics, mathematics, physics and astronomy.
2. Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895)
He was a French microbiologist and chemist who contributed immensely towards the advancement of medical sciences developing cures for rabies, anthrax and other infectious diseases. He discovered the pasteurization, the principles of vaccination and microbial fermentation which makes milk safe to drink by preventing bacterial contamination. He is believed to have saved more lives than any other scientist.
3. Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642)
With his greatest feet being that the Earth revolves around the Sun and not the other way around (heliocentrism). He was an Italian Philosopher,physicist and astronomer who research lead to the discovery of telescope and consequent astronomical observations.
4. Marie Curie (1867 – 1934)
A Polish-French physicist and chemist, she discovered radioactivity which helped in its application in the field of X-ray, which included isolating radioactive isotopes. She succeeded in using the radioactive isotopes in in treating neoplasms. She won the Nobel Prize in both Chemistry and Physics
5. Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955)
A German physicist who Revolutionized modern physics with his general theory of relativity. In 1921, he won the noble prize in Physics for discovering the Photoelectric effect, which formed the basis of Quantum Theory. He famous for the mass-energy equation E =mc2.
6. Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882)
An English naturalist and geologist who developed the evolution theory against a backdrop of disbelief and skepticism. In 1859, he published a book titled “On the Origin of Species” where he established a fact that all species descended from a common ancestor.
7. Nicola Tesla (1856–1943)
A Serbian American engineer who worked on AC current and electromagnetism. He invented so many things including a radio communication system. He is also popular for his high frequency power experiments, high voltage and X-ray experiment.
8. James Clerk Maxwell (1831 – 1879)
A Scottish mathematical physicist who made great research in understanding electromagnetism. Known for using equation to describe magnetism, optics and electricity which lead to the foundation of quantum physics.
9. Aristotle (384 BCE–322 BCE)
An early Greek great scientist who made different research in the natural sciences including botany, physics, meteorology, astronomy, zoology, chemistry and geometry.
10. Archimedes (287 BC – 212 BC)
A Syracuse known to be one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity, he was a great physicist, mathematician, inventor, engineer, and astronomer. In his research, he was able to designed a great number of machines, like siege engines, screw pumps and defense mechanisms.